CHEMISTRY – I
Code – 09050105
|S.No.||Topic||Domain||Hours as per UGC|
|1||· Atomic Structure: Idea of de Broglie matter waves, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, atomic orbital’s, quantum numbers, radial and angular wave functions and probability distribution curves, shapes of s, p, d orbitals. Aufbau and Pauli exclusion principles, Hund’s multiplicity rule, Electronic configurations of the elements, effective nuclear charge, Slater’s rules.
· Covalent Bond: Valence bond theory and its limitations, directional characteristics of covalent bond, various types of hybridization and shapes of simple inorganic molecules and ions ( BeF2, BF3, CH4, PF5, SF6, IF7 SO4 2-, ClO4- )Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory to NH3, H3O+, SF4, CIF3, ICI2- and H2O. MO theory of hetero-nuclear (CO and NO) diatomic molecules, bond strength and bond energy, percentage ionic character from dipole moment and electronegativity difference.
|2||· Gaseous States: Maxwell’s distribution o f velocities and energies (derivation excluded)
· Calculation of root mean square velocity, average velocity and most probable velocity. Collis ion diameter, collision number, collision frequency and mean free path. Deviation of Real gases from ideal behaviour. Derivation of Vander Waal’s Equation of State, its application in the calculation of Boyle’s temperature (compression factor). Explanation of behaviour of real gases using Vander Waal’s equation. Critical Phenomenon: Critical temperature, Critical pressure, critical volume and their determination. PV isotherms of real gases, continuity of states, the isotherms of Vander Waal’s equation, relationship between critical constants and Vander Waal’s constants. Critical compressibility factor. The Law of corresponding states. Liquefaction of gases.
· Liquid States: Properties of liquids – surface tension, viscosity and their determination.
· Solid State: Liquid crystals: Difference between solids, liquids and liquid crystals, types o f liquid crystals. Applications of liquid crystals.
|3||· Structure and Bonding: Localized and delocalized chemical bond, resonance effect and its applications, Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds Concept of isomerism. Types of isomerism. Optical isomerism elements of symmetry, molecular chirality, enantiomers, , optical activity, , chiral and achiral molecules with two stereogenic cent res, diastereomers, Relative and absolute configuration, sequence rules, R & S systems of nomenclature. Geometric isomerism determination of configuration of geometric isomers. E & Z system of nomenclature.
|Nice to know||8|
|4||· Mechanism of Organic Reactions: Curved arrow notation, drawing electron movements with arrows, half-headed and double-headed arrows, homolytic and heterolytic bond breaking. Types of reagents electrophiles and nucleophiles. Types of organic reactions. Reactive intermediates carbocations, carbanions, free radicals,
|Nice to know||10|
- Atkins, P. W. & Paula, J. de Atkin’s Physical Chemistry 8 th Ed., Oxford University Press (2006)
- Castellan, G. W. Physical Chemistry 4 th Ed. Narosa (2004).
- Lee, J.D. Concise Inorganic Chemistry, ELBS, 1991.
- Finar, I. L. Organic Chemistry (Volume 1), Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (PE).
- Eliel, E. L. & Wilen, S. H. Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds; Wiley: London, 1994.