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Preamble | M.Sc. (Physics)


Physics, a core discipline, is the fundamental and foremost to all natural sciences. It has been significant and influential through advances in its understanding that have translated in to new technologies. Physics interact with the society and other discipline such as Medicine, Chemistry, Agriculture, Engineering etc. in many important ways. Physics department in SGT University has highly qualified faculty members and support staffs and is committed towards the development of innovative and handy ways of teaching at graduate, post graduate and developing a core research group for carrying out cutting edge research in various research fields like Condensed Matter Physics, Solid State Physics, Electronics, Theoretical physics, Atomic & Molecular Physics and Nuclear Physics. The department also offers Doctoral Programme in order to nurture young minds towards embracing various scientific challenges. Extra care is taken to pay individual attention to the students in their laboratory work and tutorial sessions. Project work and problem sessions are encouraged to develop innovative and analytical approach to physics learning.



The goal of the Physics education is to provide the student with a broad understanding of the physical principles of the universe, to help them develop critical thinking and quantitative reasoning skills, to empower them to think creatively and critically about scientific problems and experiments. It’s provide training for students and planning careers in physics including research,  teaching, industrial jobs, government jobs or other sectors of our society.


  1. To endow with a conducive and friendly environment that nurtures excellence and high standards of professionalism in teaching, learning and research.
  2. To augment the level of participation in research, dissemination and preservation of knowledge for both academic and social development.
  3. Prepare the student in assets of physics and the principles of analytical methods required for the conclusion of physical tests.
  4. Provide an opportunity for students to deepen his knowledge in the branches of physics

so that views on the outskirts of contemporary science.

  1. Training the students on the way of scientific research and enable it to contribute to it under the supervision.
  2. Continued development of faculty members by sending them for training courses so as to maintain a high degree of efficiency and performance.
  3. Support and encourage the scientific cooperation between faculty members in the department and cooperation with other departments in the field of multi-purpose research.
  4. Spread the spirit of competition and encouragement and give the opportunity to all members.
  5. Preparation of national cadres by basic physics and knowledge that contribute to community service.
  6. .To establishes collaborations with other eminent institution.


Duration and Nomenclature of the Course:

The duration of M. Sc. (Physics) course shall be of two academic years consisting of four (4) semesters (15-17 weeks) under Credit Based System (CBS). During summer and winter breaks, students have to under goes Industrial/Institutional training. On successful completion of all the four semesters, the student will be awarded M. Sc. (Physics) degree. The student shall complete the course within a maximum period of 4 years from the date of admission to the first semester, failing which he/she will be disqualified from the course.


Admission to the Course:

(i)         Eligibility for Admission:

For admission to the 1st Semester of M.Sc. (Physics) course, the candidate must have passed B.Sc. (Pass) with Physics as one of the subjects/B.Sc. (Hons.) Physics with 50% marks (45% marks in case of SC/ST candidates of Haryana only)in aggregate or equivalent grade from any university recognized by UGC.

(ii)        Schedule of admission and payment of fees:

The admission schedule, along with last date for the submission of admission forms and payment of fees, shall be fixed by the Vice-Chancellor from time to time.


Mode of Selection of Candidates for Admission:

The admissions will be made as per the following criteria:


Sr.No. Criteria Condition
1 On the Basis of the Merit of the qualifying Examination. If the no. of applicants is up to 3 times  of the intake
2 On the Basis of the Merit of the Entrance Examination. If the no. of applicants is more than  3 times  of the intake


Scheme of Examination and Syllabus:

The Scheme of examination, distribution of marks in various papers along with the credit system and the syllabus of the course shall be as approved by Board of Studies/Academic Council from time to time.


Medium of Instruction and Examination:

The medium of the instruction and the examination shall be English only.


Attendance Requirements/Eligibility to Appear in Examination:

The student should fulfill the following criteria to be eligible for appearing in the End Term Semester Examinations:

(i)         He/she should bear a good moral character.

(ii)        He/she should be on the rolls of the Dept./Faculty of the University during the semester.

(iii)       He/she should have 75% of the attendance during the respective semester. Twenty five per cent (25%) of attendance relaxation shall account for illness and contingencies of serious and unavoidable nature.

(iv)       The Dean of the Faculty of his own or on the recommendation of the HoD shall have the power to give relaxation upto 5% on genuine grounds over the minimum 75% attendance.

(v)        Further, the Vice Chancellor of his own or on the recommendation of the Dean shall have the power to give further relaxation upto 5% on genuine grounds over the above mentioned minimum attendance.

(vi)       He/she should not be a defaulter in payment of any dues of the SGT University and no disciplinary action is pending against the student.


Exemption from Attendance / Shortage of attendance to be condoned:

The shortage of lecture to the maximum limit as under can be condoned by the competent authority:


Sr. No Exemptable  No. of Lecture Ground of Exemption Competent Authority
1 All periods of the day of donation Voluntarily blood donation to the Blood Bank. Dean of the  Faculty
2 All periods of the day of  Examination  For appearing in the supplementary examinations(Theory /Practical/Viva-voce) -do-
3 10 days attendance during a semester  For participation in University or Inter-Collegiate Sports Tournaments/ Youth Festivals, NCC/NSS Camps/University Educational Excursions/ Mountaineering Courses -do-
4 15days attendance during a semester For participation in Inter-University Sports Tournaments/ Youth Festivals -do-



(i)         that he/she has obtained prior approval of the Dean, Faculty of Physical Sciences;

(ii)        that credit may be given only for the days on which lectures were delivered or tutorials or practical work done during the period of participation in the  aforesaid events.


Attendance Shortage Warning:

Attendance shortage warning will be displayed on the Faculty’s Notice Board and University Website by 10th day of every month.


Detained students

A student, who does not fulfill the criteria prescribed in Clauses6-7, will not  be eligible for appearing in the End Term Semester  Examination in that particular paper and will be  deemed as Detained in that paper. Such student will repeat the course/paper along with the regular students of the subsequent batch to fulfill the prescribed conditions to appear in the “End Term” examination of the course/ paper.


Submission of Examination Forms and Payment of Examination Fee:

The Dean, Faculty of Physical Sciences shall submit the examination admission forms of those students who satisfy the eligibility criteria to appear in the examinations to  the Controller of Examinations as per schedule of examination circulated by him from time to time.


University Examinations:

(i)         End Term Semester Examinations:

The examination for the 1stand 3rd semesters (Odd Semesters) shall ordinarily be held in the month of December and of the 2nd and 4thsemesters (Even Semesters) in the month of May/June.

(ii)        Fail/ Reappear candidates:

Fail / re-appear candidate of the odd semesters (1st& 3rd) will take re-appear exams as an ex-student in the subsequent exams. of the odd semesters(1st&3rd).  Similarly, for the even semesters (2nd&4th), he/she will take re-appear exams. in the subsequent  exams. of the  even semesters (2nd&4th). However, a candidate appearing in the 4thsemester examination (Regular) may appear simultaneously in his/her re-appear paper(s) of lower semesters.


Improvement Examination:

The student may be permitted to improve his/her result subject to the following conditions:

(i)         The student will be permitted to appear in improvement examination as an ex-student with regular batches.

(ii)        The student will be permitted to improve his/her CGPA in one or all papers in which he/she has obtained CGPA less than ‘First Division’ in aggregate.

(iii)       Only one chance per paper will be given. The chance must be availed of within a period of two years of initially passing of the final examination.

(iv)       If the status/nature of the student’s result does not improve by five (05) or more per cent, his/her improvement result will be declared “PRS” (Previous Result Stands).

(v)        The candidate shall be allowed to appear in the improvement examination(s) along with regular candidates as and when the course is offered. No separate examination will be held for improvement of result. In case of change of syllabi, the student shall have to appear for improvement in accordance with the changed syllabi of the concerned course applicable to the regular students of that exam.


Setting of Question Papers:

The Head of the Department/Dean of the Faculty shall supply the panel of internal and external examiners duly approved by the Board of Studies to the Controller of Examinations. The paper(s) will be set by the examiner(s) nominated by the Vice-Chancellor from the panel of examiners. An examiner shall be allowed to set not more than two papers in a semester examination.


Evaluation Process – Theory and Practical:

(i)         Evaluation of Answer Books:

The answer books may be evaluated either by the paper setter or any other internal or external examiner to be nominated by the Controller of Examiners with the approval of the Vice-Chancellor from the panel of examiners approved by the Board of Studies.

(ii)        Re-evaluation of Answer Books:

Re-evaluation/ rechecking of any paper is allowed. The students can apply for Re-evaluation/ Re-checking of any paper through the HoD/Dean of the Faculty by paying prescribed fee.

(iii)       Practical Examinations – Appointment of Examiner:

(a)       The practical examinations shall be conducted by a Board of two Examiners consisting of one internal and one external examiner to be nominated by the Vice-Chancellor from the panel of examiners recommended by the Board of Studies.

(b)       Marks Distribution:

The distribution of marks in examination of the practical paper will be as per the criteria given below:

(aa)     Experimental performance             = 60% marks

(ab)     Viva-Voce                                          = 30% marks

(ac)     Laboratory work report                    = 10% marks


Internal Assessment:

(i)         Theory Paper:

Twenty (20) per cent marks shall be assigned to each theory paper as Internal Assessment which shall be awarded as per the criteria given below:

Theory paper:

  • Attendance             = 5 marks
  • Mid-term Class Test                        = 10 marks
  • Assignment/Quiz/Seminar etc.             = 5marks

(ii)        Practical paper:

The Internal Assessment for practical paper shall be awarded as per the criteria given below:

  • Attendance                         = 5 marks
  • Regular experimental performance = 5 marks
  • Mid-term Internal Viva             = 5 marks
  • Laboratory work report             = 5marks

(iii)      In case of ex-students, those appearing for re-appear / improvement examination in any semester, their previous Internal Assessment marks will be counted.

(iv)       The concerned teacher shall preserve records on the basis of which the Internal Assessment has been awarded and shall make the same available to the Controller of Examinations whenever required.

(v)        The   Head of   the Department/ Dean of the Faculty shall ensure:

  • That the internal assessment marks are got displayed for information of the students at least seven (07) days before the commencement of the examinations of each semester
  • That the internal assessment marks  are  submitted to   the   Controller   of Examinations at least seven (07) days before the commencement of the examinations of each semester.


Criteria for Promotion to Higher Semester:

The student shall be promoted to 2nd and 4th semester automatically without any condition of passing minimum number of papers. For promotion from 2ndto   3rd Semester, the student shall have to clear at least 50% papers of 1st and 2nd semesters taken together.


Credit Based  Grading System:

(i)         Key Definitions:

Programme:           An educational programme leading to award of a Degree, Diploma or Certificate.

Course:                    Usually referred to as ‘paper’ is a component of a programme. All courses need not carry the same weight.

Credit:                      A unit by which the course work is measured.  One credit is equivalent to one hour of teaching (lecture or tutorial) or two hours for practical work/field work per week. A Research Based Paper /Project is equal to 5 credits.

Credit Point:          It is the product of grade point and number of credits for a course i.e. Credit Point = No.  of credits in a course X “grade value” of the grade obtained in the course.

Grade Point           There are two types of GPAs as given hereunder:

Average (GPA):    a)        Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA)

  1. b) Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

Every student earns a distinct SGPA and a distinct CGPA at the end of each specified semester.

Semester Grade SGPA is a measure for performance of student in a Semester. It is the Point Average            ratio of sum of the product of number of credits with the grade points

(SGPA):                     scored by the student in all the courses taken by him/her and the sum of the number of credits of all the Courses undergone by the student i.e. SGPA (Si) =∑ (CixGi) /∑Ci

Cumulative Grade           CGPA is a measure of performance up to any specified semester Point Averagebeginning from the first Semester. It is also calculated in the same (CGPA)            manner as SPGA taking into account      all the courses undergone by a student over all the semesters of programme i.e. CGPA = ∑(Cix Si) / ∑Ci

Grade Point:          It is a numerical weight allotted to each letter grade on a 10-point scale.

Letter Grades:       It is an index of the performance of a student in a said course. The Grades are denoted by letters O, A+, A, B+, B, C, P, F and Ab.

(ii)        Credits, Semesters, Courses and total Credit Points:

Each theory course will carry 04 credits and each practical course will also carry 4 credits. In the 4 semester programme (i.e. 2-year programme) of M.Sc. (Chemistry), there will be, 13 theory courses and 12 practical courses and hence 100 total credits.

(iii)      Grading Method

The grading system will be adopted on a 10 point scale. The grades will be awarded based on marks out of 100 and will be converted into grades as under:


S. No. Relative grading w.r.t. the marks obtained in a paper/course Letter Grade Value

(Corresponding performance )

Grade  Point
1 75% or more O (Outstanding) 10
2 70% or more but less than 75% A+ (Excellent) 9
3 65% or more but less than 70% A (Very Good) 8
4 60%  or more but less than 65% B+ (Good) 7
5 55% or more but less than 60% B (Above Average) 6
6 50% or more but less than 55% C (Average) 5
7 40% or more but less than 50%  P (Pass) 4
8 Less than  40%  F (Fail) 0
9 Absent / Detained Ab (Absent) /Detained 0


Grade ‘F’ student may re-appear in that paper in the subsequent examination for that semester

(iv)      Calculation of SGPA & CGPA

SGPA is calculated by dividing the sum of ‘Credit Points’ in a Semester divided by the sum of ‘Course Credits’ in that Semester.

CGPA is calculated by dividing the sum of ‘Credit Points’ by the sum of ‘Course Credits’ of the current semester + all pervious semesters.


Hypothetical Example for Computation of SGPA and CGPA:

Let us assume that Mr. X has registered for four courses in the 1st semester and his performance in these courses in this semester is given in the Table below:


Course/Paper Code Course Credit Grade Awarded to the Student Grade Value Credit Points
Course/Paper I 4 A+ 9 36
Course/Paper II 4 A 8 32
Course/Paper III 4 B 6 24
Course/Paper IV 4 B+ 7 28
TOTAL 16 30 120


Calculation of SGPA:

‘Credits’ of the Courses  registered by Mr. X in 1stSemester                =   16

‘Credit Points’ of Mr. X in 1stSemester                                                     = 120

SGPA of 1stSemester  (120/16)                                         =  7.5

Calculation of CGPA:

‘Credits’ of the courses registered by Mr. X upto1stSemester              =  16

‘Credit Points’ of Mr. X in 1stSemester                                                     = 120

CGPA of 1stSemester (120/160)                                       = 7.5


Let us, now, assume that the Mr. X has performed in 2ndSemester as under :


Course/Paper Code Course Credit Grade Awarded to the Student Grade Value Credit Points
Course/Paper V 4 C+ 5 20
Course/Paper VI 4 C 4 16
Course/Paper VII 4 A+ 9 36
Course/Paper VIII 4 B+ 7 28
TOTAL 16 25 100


Calculation of SGPA of 2ndSemester:

‘Credits’ of the courses registered by Mr. X in 2ndSemester                =  16

‘Credit Points’ of Mr. X in 2ndSemester                                                    = 100

SGPA of 2nd Semester (100/16)                                        =  6.25

Calculation of CGPA upto 2ndSemester:

‘Credits’ of the courses registered Mr. X in

1st& 2nd Semesters (16+16)                      =  32

‘Credit Points’ of Mr. X in 1st& 2ndSemesters (120+100)                       = 220

CGPA upto2nd Semester (220/32)                                                 =  6.87


Pass criteria and grading system:

The minimum percentage of marks to pass the examination in each subject/paper will be 40% each in theory paper, practical /field work/Research Project etc. examination (including internal assessment).


Declaration of Results:

(i)         The Controller of Examinations shall declare the results as early as possible after the conclusion of each examination, but before the start of teaching for the next academic session.

(ii)        Each successful student/ the student placed in reappear shall receive a copy of the Detailed Marks Certificate/ Grade Card Sheet of each semester examination.

(iii)       The student whose   result   is   declared   late   without   any   fault   on   his/her   part   may attend classes for the next higher semester provisionally at his /her own risk and responsibility, subject to his /her passing the concerned semester examination.  In case, the student fails to pass the concerned semester examination, his/her attendance/internal assessment in the next higher semester in which he / she was allowed to attend classes provisionally will stand cancelled.


Classification of Performance:

Performance of the successful students after the 4th semester examinations on basis of final CGPA obtained by him / her in the 1st to 4thsemester examinations shall be classified as under:


CGPA ( with equivalent* % marks) Classification of Performance
CGPA of 8.25 (equivalent to 75% marks) or more First Division with Distinction
CGPA of 8.25 (equivalent 75%) or more marks in second or subsequent attempt First Division
CGPA of 6.75 (equivalent to 60% marks) or more but less than 8.25(equivalent to 75% marks) First Division
CGPA of 5.75(equivalent to 50% marks) or more but less than 6.75(equivalent to 60% marks) Second Division
CGPA above Pass Grade(equivalent to 40% marks) but  less than 5.75 (equivalent to 50% marks) Third Division
CGPA less than  Pass Grade (equivalent to 40% marks) Fail

*Formula for conversion from CGPA to % marks : (CGPA -0.75)x10 =% of marks