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Syllabus | B.Sc (Non- Medical) | Paper IV (Theory) Physical Chemistry Code 09010409

Paper IV (Theory) Physical Chemistry Code 09010409

S.No Topics Domain Time (hrs)
1 Thermodynamics-III & IV

·         Second   law   of  thermodynamics,  need   for  the   law,  different statements of the law,

·         Carnot’s cycles and its efficiency, Carnot’s theorm, Thermodynamics scale of temperature.

·         Concept of  entropy – entropy as a state function, entropy as a function of V &T,entropy as a function of P&T,

·         entropy change in physical change, entropy  as  a  criteria  of  spontaneity  and  equilibrium.

·         Entropy change in ideal gases and mixing of gases.

Third law of thermodynamics:

·         Nernst heat theorem, statement of concept of residual entropy, evaluation of absolute entropy from heat capacity data.

·         Gibbs and Helmholtz functions; Gibbs function (G) and Helmholtz function (A)as thermodynamic quantities,

·         A&G as criteria for thermodynamic equilibrium and spontaneity,  their advantage over entropy change.   Variation of G and A with P, V and T.

 

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2 Electrochemistry-III & IV

·         Electrolytic and Galvanic cells – reversible &Irreversible cells, conventional representation of electrochemical cells.

·         EMF of cell and its measurement, Weston standard cell, activity and activity coefficients.

·         Calculation of thermodynamic quantities of cell reaction (ŸG,ŸH &K).

·         Types of reversible electrodes – metal- metal ion gas electrode, metal  –insoluble  salt-  anion  and  redox  electrodes.     Electrode reactions,

·         Nernst  equations,  derivation  of  cell  EMF  and  single electrode   potential.      Standard   Hydrogen   electrode,   reference electrodes, standard    electrodes    potential,    sign    conventions.

·         Electrochemical series and its applications.

·         Concentration cells with and without transference, liquid junction potential, application of EMF measurement i.e. valency of ions, solubility  product  activity  coefficient,

·         Potentiometric   titration (acid-  base  and  redox).

·         Determination of  pH  using  Hydrogen electrode,  Quinhydrone   electrode    and    glass    electrode    by potentiometric methods.

 

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3 Solid State

·    Classification  of  solids,  Laws  of  crystallography  –  (i)  Law  of constancy of interfacial angles (ii) Law of rationality of indices(iii) Law of symmetry.  Symmetry elements of crystals.

·    Definition of unit cell &space lattice.   Bravais lattices, crystal system.

·    X- ray   diffraction   by   crystals.

·    Derivation   of   Bragg   equation.

·    Determination of crystal lstructure of NaCl, KCl.

·    Liquid crystals: Difference between solids, liquids and liquid crystals, types of liquid crystals .

·    Applications of liquid crystals

 

 

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8

 

Recommended Texts:

  1. Atkins, P. W. & Paula, J. de Atkin’s Physical Chemistry 8th Ed., Oxford University Press (2006).
  2. Ball, D. W. Physical Chemistry Thomson Press, India (2007).
  3. Castellan, G. W. Physical Chemistry 4th Ed. Narosa (2004).
  4. Laidler, K. J. Chemical Kinetics Pearson Education: New Delhi (2004).
  5. Glasstone, S. Thermodynamics for chemists.
  6. Barraw, G.M. Physical Chemistry.