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B.Sc. Mathematics (Hons) – 2nd  semester

S.No. Topic Domain Hours as per UGC
1 ·         Periodic Properties: Atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity and electronegativity definition, trends in periodic table (in s & p block elements).

·         S – Block Elements: Comparative study of the elements including, diagonal relationships and salient features of hydrides (methods of preparation excluded).

·         P – Block Elements: Emphasis on comparative study of properties of p-block elements (including diagonal relationship and excluding methods of preparation).

·         Boron family (13th  group):- Diborane – properties and structure (as an example of electron – deficient compound and multicentre bonding), Borazene – chemical properties and structure.

·         Carbon Family (14th  group): Allotropy of carbon, Catenation, p– d bonding (an idea), carbides, fluorocarbons– general methods of preparations, properties and uses.

Must know 14
2 ·         Kinetics: Rate of reaction, rate equation, factors influencing the rate of a reaction –concentration, temperature, pressure, solvent, light, catalyst. Order of a reaction, integrated rate expression for zero order, first order, Half life period of a reaction. Methods of determination of order of reaction, effect of temperature on the rate of reaction – Arrhenius equation.

·         Electrochemistry:  Electrolytic conduction, factors affecting electrolytic conduction, specific, conductance, molar conductance, equivalent conductance and relation among them, their vartion with concentration. Arrhenius theory of ionization, Ostwald’s Dilution Law. Debye- Huckel– Onsager’s equation for strong electrolytes (elementary treatment only), Kohlarausch’s Law, calculation of molar ionic conductance and effect of viscosity temperature & pressure on it. Application of Kohlarausch’s Law in calculation of conductance of weak electrolytes at infinite diloution. Applications of conductivity measurements: determination of degree of dissociation, determination of Ka of acids determination of solubility product of sparingly soluble salts, conductometric titrations. Definition of pH and pKa, Buffer solution, Buffer action, (elementary idea only).

Must know 15
3 ·         Alkenes: Nomenclature of alkenes, mechanisms of dehydration of alcohols and dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides,. The Saytzeff rule, Chemical reactions of alkenes mechanisms involved in hydrogenation, electrophilic and free radical additions, Markownikoff’s rule,


Nice to know 8
4 ·         Dienes and Alkynes: Nomenclature and classification of dienes: isolated, conjugated and cumulated dienes.,.Chemical reactions 1,2 and 1,4 additions (Electrophilic & free radical mechanism),Diels-Alder reaction, Nomenclature, structure and bonding in alkynes., acidity ofalkynes. Mechanism of electrophilic and nucleophilic addition reactions,


Nice to know 10

Books Recommended:

  1. Greenwood, N.N. and Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements, Butterworth Heinemann. 1997.
  2. Cotton, F.A. and Wilkinson, G, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, Wiley, VCH, 1999.
  3. Mortimer, R. G. Physical Chemistry 3rd Ed. Elsevier: NOIDA, UP (2009).
  4. Castellan, G. W. Physical Chemistry 4 th Ed. Narosa (2004).
  5. Laidler, K. J. Chemical Kinetics Pearson Education: New Delhi (2004).
  6. Morrison, R. N. & Boyd, R. N. Organic Chemistry, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (Pearson Education).