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Title: Physical Special –IV (Code-09040407)

S.No Topic Domain Hours
  Unit I    
1 The maximum intrinsic efficiency, actual efficiency and current – potential relation in an electrochemical energy converter Good To Know 2 hrs
2 Factors influencing the electrochemical energy conversion, the power output of an electrochemical energy converter Must Know 1 hrs
3 Electrochemical electricity generators (fuel cells), brief idea about H2-O2, hydrocarbon – air, and natural gas & CO -air fuel cells Nice to know 3 hrs
4 Electricity storage: some important quantities in electricity storage (electricity storage density, energy density, power Nice to know 3 hrs
5 Desirable conditions for an ideal strorer ,  storage of electricity using the lead-Acid battery, dry cell, silver-zinc cell and Sodium- Sulfur cell Good To Know 2 hrs
6 Amperometric titrations determination of activation energy for an irreversible electrode process. Must Know 2 hrs
  Unit II
1 Thermal decomposition reactions, Nucleation, Free energy of nucleation Nice to know 2 hrs
2 Laws, Classification, Functions and growth of nuclei Nice to know
3 Kinetic expressions for diffusion controlled, phase boundary controlled and nucleation and growth controlled reactions Must Know 3 hrs
4 Perfect and imperfect crystals, Intrinsic and extrinsic defects Nice to know  2 hrs
5 Point defects, Line and plane defects, Vacancies: Schottky and Frenkel defects, Must Know 2 hrs
6 Thermodynamics of Schottky and Frenkel defect formation,Colour centres, non-stoichiometry defects Good To Know 2 hrs
7 Classification of solids, Lattice energy, Evaluation of Madelung constant (NaCl) Good To Know 2 hrs
8 Calculation of repulsive potential exponent: Lattice heat capacity Nice to know 2 hrs
9 Einstein and Debye model of lattice heat capacity, Debye T3 law. Good To Know 2 hrs
  Unit III
1 Classification of polymers and polymerisation, condensation and addition polymers Nice to know 1 hrs
2 Kinetics of condensation (step-wise) polymerisation Good To Know 2 hrs
3 Size distribution in linear condensation polymers, molecular size control, degree of polymerization Must Know 4 hrs
4 Mechanism of vinyl radical polymerisation, molecular weight and its determination, effect of temperature and pressure on chain polymerisation Good To Know 3 hrs
5 Stereochemistry of polymer chain & stereo regular polymerisation, Ionic polymerisation (similarities and contrast) Must Know 2 hrs
6 Kinetics of cationic, anionic polymerisation, kinetics of copolymerisation, criteria for polymer solubility Nice to know 2 hrs
7 Mass number and Mass average molecular weight, Nice to know 2 hrs
8 Determination of molecular weight of  polymers by osmometry, viscometry, light scattering and sedimentation method. Must Know 2 hrs
  Unit IV
1 Thermodynamics of biopolymer solutions Nice to know 1 hrs
2 Entropy of mixing & liquid state model along with limitation, Free volume theory, Heat and free energy of mixing Good To Know 2 hrs
3 Osmotic pressure membrane equilibrium, Muscular contraction and energy generation in mechanochemical system Nice to know 2 hrs
4 Evaluation of size, shape, molecular weight and extent of hydration of biopolymers by various experimental techniques Nice to know 1 hrs
5 Sedimentation equilibrium, Hydrodynamic methods, Good To Know 2 hrs
6 Diffusion, Sedimentation velocity, Viscosity, Electrophoresis and rotational motions Nice to know 2 hrs


Books Recommended:
1. Billmeyer, F.W. and  Jr. Wiley. Textbook of Polymer .
2. Alcock, H.R. and F.W. Lambe. Contemporary Polymer Chemistry.
3. Cowie,  J.M.C. Physics and Chemistry of Polymer.
4. Flory, P.J. Polymer Chemistry.
5. Bockris, J.O.M. and A.K.N. Reddy. Modern Electrochemistry. Vol.1 & 2.
6. Glasstone, S. Electrochemistry.
7. Reiger, P.H. Electrochemistry.
8. Heyrovsky. Polarography.
9. Kannala, Zutshi. Introduction to Polarography and Allied Techniques